Canine Training Technician - Accredited 

Section I: The Knowledge Base Assessment 

The Knowledge Base Assessment is broken into 7 categories.  Each category is weighted evenly with regards to importance.  You will have a series of multiple choice and true/false answers, sometimes relating to a scenario.  If scenario related, ensure that you read each scenario carefully.

You will have 3 hours to complete the quiz.  You do not have to take the quiz in one sitting.  You may log in and out of the quiz as often as necessary.  The program will log the time you spend online each time you log into the quiz.  Your total time is 3 hours.

If for any reason you are unable to take the online quiz, please contact the PPAB Administrator regarding your special circumstances. You can reach the Administrator by emailing  us 

To be successful in this section of the assessment, the candidate must obtain a score of 85% 

Read in more detail the accreditation specifications. Download the CTT-A Study Guide

1. Canine Communication/Social Behavior

Components that may be assessed:

Distance increasing signals

Stress signs

Distance decreasing signals

Modal (Fixed) Action Patterns

Conflicted body language

Nature and nurture


Threat displays

Pupil dilatation


Facial muscles

Sweating paws

Displacement behaviours


Tail positions

Tongue flick

Ear positions

Whale eye

Play bow


Appeasement gestures

Happy/relaxed body language

2. Teaching Relaxing Strategies: 

Recognizing the need for relaxation in the context of:

Over stimulation



Jumping up


Puppy biting

3. General Training & Management

Components that may be assessed

House training

Bite inhibition


Resource Guarding

Managing & preventing problem behaviours

Developmental Periods (critical periods)

Environmental cues

4. Emotional Well-being Managed Through Adequate Mental and Physical Stimulation

Components that may be assessed:

Teaching appropriate physical stimulation activities

Teaching appropriate mental stimulation activities

5. Ethics

Components that may be assessed:

Ensuring safety in all interactions

Understanding professional competency

6. The Science of Learning

Components that may be assessed:

Non-associative learning



Understanding operant conditioning

Three term contingency:  Stimulus-Response-Stimulus

 Cues, overshadowing, blocking, salience

Superstitious behaviours

Understanding respondent conditioning

Stimulus- Stimulus -Response


Use and application of reinforcers



Schedules of reinforcement

Behaviour chaining



7. Equipment

Components that may be assessed:

Management equipment

Training Toys

Safety equipment

Training equipment


Suggested Reading/Viewing List

·       Coaching People to Train their Dogs – Terry Ryan

·       The Ethical Dog Trainer – Jim Barry

·       PPG Handout on Puppy Socialization

·       PPG Handout on Potty Training Basics for Puppies and Dogs

·       Diamonds in the Ruff Developmental Stages in Dogs:

·       The Language of Dogs – DVD Sarah Kalnajs

·       Canine Body Language.  A Photographic Guide – Brenda Aloff

·       The LIEBI Model  


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